Post-Halving: A Turning Point for Bitcoin? – A Detailed AnalysisPost-Halving: A Turning Point for Bitcoin? – A Detailed Analysis

The world of Bitcoin is constantly experiencing ups and downs, characterized by volatile market conditions and external influences that can have both positive and negative effects. This article examines the role of Bitcoin within this dynamic landscape, particularly in light of recent geopolitical events and technological developments. The analysis begins with a consideration of current market mechanisms and the impact of geopolitical tensions on the price of Bitcoin, including a significant flash crash that swept many open interest positions out of the market.

Introduction to the Current Situation of Bitcoin

Bitcoin is once again at the center of attention, this time due to a combination of geopolitical tensions and market-specific events that together have a significant impact on its price performance and market dynamics.

The influence of geopolitical tensions

The recent conflict between Iran and Israel has led to an unexpected and abrupt market event that has had a profound impact on Bitcoin and the crypto market as a whole. A direct attack with over 300 missiles and drones led to a significant “flash crash” in Bitcoin, with the price falling by approximately 17%. This sudden price drop resulted in almost 30% of the total open interest positions – that is, the sum of all open derivative contracts such as futures and options – being wiped out of the market. At the time of the attack, the total open interest on the crypto market amounted to around USD 66 billion, which fell to just USD 25 billion after the incident. This massive liquidation of positions left a decimated but potentially more stable market environment.

Market reactions and recovery

Interestingly, the market showed remarkable resilience after the initial shock. Iran’s quick declaration that they do not intend to escalate further and the successful defense against most attacks by Israel’s missile defense systems partially calmed the market. These developments led to a rapid, albeit partial, recovery in prices. These ups and downs show how sensitive Bitcoin can be to political and global events, which in turn underlines the need for investors to keep an eye on geopolitical developments.

Long-term market implications

The events have not only caused short-term price volatility, but could also have long-term implications for market behavior. The significant reduction in open interest could lead to a healthier market as less leverage is involved, reducing the likelihood of further massive liquidations. Such market adjustments can create a more solid foundation for future price increases as the market structure becomes less susceptible to manipulative and speculative shocks.

Concluding observations

This chapter has shown that Bitcoin operates in an environment that is heavily influenced by external events. The nature of these influences can be both political and economic, and their impact on the crypto market is often immediate and drastic. It therefore remains essential for investors and market observers to monitor both internal market dynamics and external geopolitical and economic developments in order to make informed decisions.

Bitcoin halving and its effects

The Bitcoin Halving is a significant event in the life cycle of Bitcoin that occurs approximately every four years. This event halves the reward miners receive for adding a new block to the blockchain and plays a crucial role in Bitcoin’s economic model, which is based on a deflationary structure.

Mechanism and immediate impact

The latest halving reduced the block reward from 6.25 to 3.125 bitcoins per block. This change reduces the daily supply of new bitcoins from 900 to 450. As the total supply of bitcoin is capped at 21 million units, each halving results in a slower increase in the total supply, making bitcoin theoretically more valuable compared to inflationary currencies. The direct consequence of this reduced issuance rate is a reduction in the inflation rate of Bitcoin to around 0.8% per year, which is lower than the inflation rate of many traditional currencies and even lower than that of gold, which typically has an inflation rate of around 1.4%.

Long-term price development and market expectations

Historically, halvings have led to significant price increases in Bitcoin, although the impact has not always been immediate. In the months following a halving, prices can stagnate or even fall as the market prices in the reduced miner reward and the resulting lower propensity of miners to sell. In the long term, however, the price of Bitcoin tends to rise. The data shows that in the years following each halving, prices rose significantly. For example, the 180 days after the second and third halving saw average price increases of 73% and 116% respectively.

The role of speculation and investor behavior

Although the halving represents a predictable and quantifiable reduction in supply, the price reaction is also heavily influenced by market sentiment and speculative movements. Before a halving, speculation can drive prices higher, leading to a “buy the rumor, sell the news” effect, where prices fall briefly after the event as some investors take profits.

Future prospects and challenges

The steady reduction in block rewards and the associated shortage of supply could lead to a price increase in the long term, provided that demand for Bitcoin remains stable or increases. However, the crypto market is also dependent on many other factors, such as regulatory changes, technological developments and macroeconomic trends, all of which can have a significant impact on price development.

Bitcoin halving is a core mechanism that contributes to Bitcoin’s uniqueness and appeal as a digital currency. While short-term effects may vary, the long-term effect of halving tends to be positive for the price of Bitcoin, as it tightens supply and therefore, in theory, increases the price if demand remains the same or increases. For investors and market watchers, halving remains an important event that should be carefully monitored to understand the resulting market movements and investment opportunities.

Relevant article: The impact of bitcoin halving on price

The dynamics of ETFs and their impact on Bitcoin

Exchange traded funds (ETFs) investing in Bitcoin have ushered in a new era for institutional and traditional investors’ access to cryptocurrencies. This chapter examines the role of Bitcoin ETFs and their influence on the price development and market stability of Bitcoin.

Introduction of Bitcoin ETFs

The introduction of Bitcoin ETFs has allowed traditional investors to invest in Bitcoin without having to overcome the technical challenges of buying the digital currency directly and storing it securely. These funds have managed to integrate Bitcoin into the traditional financial system by bridging the gap between a regulated financial market and the decentralized nature of cryptocurrencies.

Capital inflows and their impact

The introduction of ETFs has led to significant capital inflows into the Bitcoin market. For example, within 100 days of their launch, ETFs bought 531,000 bitcoins, while only 86,400 bitcoins were added through mining during this period. This imbalance between supply and demand had a significant positive impact on the price of Bitcoin. The reduced availability of new bitcoins due to the halving and the simultaneous increase in demand from ETFs contributed to a sharp rise in the price of bitcoin.

Change in momentum

Despite the initial enthusiasm and strong capital inflows, the momentum subsequently weakened. In the last few trading days, net inflows into ETFs were observed to decrease and in some cases net outflows were even recorded. This suggests that the first wave of capital attracted by the new financial product may have been exhausted, which could lead to a normalization of inflows.

Long-term market implications

The decline in ETF inflows may have several causes, including market saturation, a reassessment of Bitcoin’s risk profile or a shift in investor interest towards other assets or cryptocurrencies. In the long term, this could mean a less volatile price trend for Bitcoin, as the market is no longer as dependent on the large, sudden movements of capital that come with the introduction of new financial products such as ETFs.

The introduction of Bitcoin ETFs has played a significant role in integrating Bitcoin into the traditional financial system and has led to a price increase in the short to medium term. In the long term, however, the dynamics of these products and their interactions with other market mechanisms and macroeconomic factors will need to be monitored further. This will not only influence the future price development of Bitcoin, but also how Bitcoin will be perceived as an asset class in the coming years.

Relevant article: Bitcoin ETF and impact on the market since its launch on January 10, 2024

Bitcoin in the traditional financial world

The integration of Bitcoin into the traditional financial world marks a significant development step for the cryptocurrency. This chapter examines how Bitcoin positions itself within traditional financial markets, particularly in terms of its correlation with major market indices such as the S&P 500 and the influence of macroeconomic factors.

Correlation with traditional markets

Bitcoin has historically shown a variable correlation with traditional financial markets. During periods of high uncertainty and market volatility, Bitcoin tends to show a stronger correlation with risky asset classes such as technology stocks. For example, the recent decline in the S&P 500, largely caused by geopolitical tensions and macroeconomic uncertainty, led to a similar reaction in the price of Bitcoin. This illustrates that despite its independent value foundation, Bitcoin is still influenced by the same external factors as many traditional assets.

Influence of macroeconomic factors

Macroeconomic factors such as inflation rates, interest rates and central bank economic policies also have a significant impact on Bitcoin. For example, an increase in interest rates by the US Federal Reserve (Fed) can lead to a stronger US dollar, which is traditionally negative for Bitcoin, as a strong dollar reduces the attractiveness of riskier, non-interest-bearing assets such as Bitcoin. Recent data shows that rising interest rate expectations and a stronger dollar index have temporarily led to a decline in the price of Bitcoin.

Bitcoin and the influence of monetary policy

Monetary policy, particularly that of the United States, plays a crucial role in the global economy and therefore in investments such as Bitcoin. The Fed’s decisions regarding interest rate policy can cause investors to rebalance their portfolios, which can have a direct impact on the Bitcoin market. The announcement of interest rate hikes or tighter monetary policy may lead to an outflow of capital from Bitcoin, while looser monetary policy leading to a weakening of the dollar may support or increase the price of Bitcoin.

Long-term prospects

In the long term, increasing acceptance and integration into the traditional financial system could mean that Bitcoin becomes less volatile and susceptible to speculative bubbles. At the same time, however, it could also mean that Bitcoin becomes more closely linked to the movements and cycles of traditional markets, leading to new challenges for investors betting on Bitcoin as an uncorrelated asset class.

The ongoing integration of Bitcoin into the traditional financial world is a double-edged sword. On the one hand, it offers increased liquidity and wider acceptance, but on the other, it subjects Bitcoin to the same market mechanisms and risks that affect traditional financial markets. It remains important for investors to monitor the macroeconomic factors that influence traditional markets, as these will increasingly shape the Bitcoin market as well.

Relevant article: The looming demise of the US dollar and bitcoin’s role in the future financial world

Geopolitical Influences and the Crypto Economy

Geopolitical events and tensions play a significant role in the global economy and often have a direct impact on financial markets, including the cryptoeconomy. This chapter explores how such events specifically affect the Bitcoin market and what long-term implications they may have.

Direct impact of geopolitical events on Bitcoin

The recent conflict between Iran and Israel is a striking illustration of how international tensions can affect the crypto market. In response to an attack by Israel, Iran carried out the first direct missile attack on Israel, which led to a massive flash crash in the price of Bitcoin. The price of Bitcoin fell by more than 17%, and about 30% of the total open interest in the crypto market was wiped out, representing a loss of about $41 billion in market capitalization. This shows how sensitive Bitcoin can be to geopolitical uncertainties, especially in times when other markets are closed and the crypto market remains as one of the few tradable assets.

Mechanisms of market reaction

The market’s reaction to geopolitical events can be explained by several mechanisms. Firstly, uncertainty and fear often lead to a flight to safety, which traditionally favors the US dollar and gold, but often at the expense of assets considered riskier, such as cryptocurrencies. Secondly, liquidity shortages caused by the rapid liquidation of positions can lead to increased selling pressure and therefore a fall in prices.

Geopolitical risks are often not short-term and can last for months or even years. Their long-term impact on Bitcoin is complex and can depend on the general risk appetite of investors, global economic conditions and specific developments within the affected regions. For example, prolonged instability in key regions such as the Middle East or in trade war-affected areas such as between the US and China may increase volatility in the crypto markets.

Bitcoin as a geopolitically independent currency

Despite its reaction to short-term events, Bitcoin is often seen as a geopolitically independent currency. This means that in the long term, it has the potential to serve as a safe haven in times of geopolitical uncertainty, much like gold. This becomes particularly relevant when traditional systems are under pressure or when local currencies are devalued by war or sanctions.

The crypto-economy is not immune to the effects of geopolitical events, and Bitcoin can be affected both negatively and positively depending on the nature and impact of these events. It is critical for investors and market watchers to track geopolitical developments and understand how they may affect market behavior and investor sentiment. In the long term, however, Bitcoin’s perceived stability and independence from traditional financial systems could help to increase its appeal as an investment in times of global uncertainty.

Relevant article: Bitcoin and gold in comparison – An analysis of the current and future market situation in 2024

Conclusions and Future Prospects

After a detailed analysis of recent events and developments in the world of Bitcoin, we draw conclusions about the current situation and take a look at possible future developments. This chapter summarizes the key findings and offers forecasts for the future of Bitcoin.

Summary of the current market situation

Bitcoin has proven to be a resilient asset class that continues to play a significant role in the global financial system despite a variety of challenges, such as geopolitical conflicts and market volatility. The price of Bitcoin has experienced significant volatility, particularly in the context of the recent conflict between Iran and Israel, which led to an abrupt drop in price. This shows how external events can have a significant short-term impact.

The role of halving events

Halving has proven to be a fundamental mechanism that halves the supply of new Bitcoins and can contribute to a price increase in the long term. The last halving reduced the reward from 6.25 to 3.125 bitcoins per block, halving the daily supply from 900 to 450 bitcoins. This mechanism reinforces the scarcity of Bitcoin and supports potentially higher prices, assuming demand remains constant or increases.

Influence of ETFs and institutional investors

The introduction and growth of Bitcoin ETFs has ushered in a new era for institutional investment in Bitcoin. Despite initial strong capital inflows, momentum in this area is slowing, indicating that the initial wave of enthusiastic capital may be waning. This could lead to a stabilization of the market with less volatility.

Future challenges and opportunities

Bitcoin faces several challenges, including the need to overcome regulatory hurdles and gain wider acceptance in the traditional financial world. At the same time, the increasing adoption of blockchain technology and the development of other cryptocurrencies offer both competition and opportunities for innovation and growth.

Long-term forecasts

In the long term, Bitcoin could benefit from further decoupling from traditional financial markets, especially if it is seen as a safe haven in times of geopolitical and economic uncertainty. Bitcoin’s unique characteristics, such as its limited availability and decentralized nature, could continue to make it an attractive option for investors looking for alternatives to traditional assets.


Bitcoin remains one of the most fascinating developments in modern financial history. Its future is full of potential, but also challenges. It is important for investors and market watchers to follow both the technological and macroeconomic developments that may affect the value of Bitcoin. The ability to adapt to a rapidly changing environment and capitalize on new developments will be crucial for those with exposure to this dynamic asset class.


Ed Prinz serves as Chairman of, the most renowned non-profit organization in Austria specializing in blockchain technology. DLT Austria is actively involved in the education and promotion of the added value and application possibilities of distributed ledger technology. This is done through educational events, meetups, workshops and open discussions, all in voluntary collaboration with leading industry players.

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This is my personal opinion and not financial advice.

For this reason, I cannot guarantee the accuracy of the information in this article. If you are unsure, you should consult a qualified advisor you trust. No guarantees or promises regarding profits are made in this article. All statements in this and other articles are my personal opinion.

By Ed Prinz

Ed Prinz co-founded, a digital marketplace for blockchain-secured assets, and chairs, a leading blockchain non-profit.

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